When a third-country national applies for a visa or authorization in Canada or applies for asylum, Canada sends an automated data request to the United States. The application contains limited information, such as the name and date of birth in case of biographical disclosure or an anonymous fingerprint in case of biometric communication. If the identity matches that of a previous application, immigration information may be disclosed. B, for example if the person has been previously refused or removed from the other country. All information released under the original requirement will be automatically deleted by U.S. systems, regardless of whether a match has been found. Biographical information exchanges on immigration are expected to begin in 2013 and biometric exchanges in 2014. CONSIDERING that it is important to administer and enforce their respective immigration laws in order to protect the health and safety of their people, to preserve the security of their societies and to promote international justice and security by denying access to their territory to persons who are criminals or security risks; CONVAINCUS that strengthening cooperation through the exchange of information can make their actions more effective in achieving these goals; IN DETAIL, existing information exchange agreements between them, including the Declaration of Mutual Exchange on Information Exchange between the Department of Citizenship and Immigration (CIC) and the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and the U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs (DOS), from February 27, 2003 (the Declaration of Mutual Communication) and the Annex on the Exchange of Information on Asylum Claims and Refugee Status to the Declaration of Mutual Understanding between the Department and the Immigration Sharing Canada (CIC) and the Office of Citizenship and Immigration Services (BCIS), the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), August 22, 2003 (Asylum Appendix); Starting in 2013, the Canadian government intends to introduce the use of biometric data by collecting photos and fingerprints for nationals of 29 countries and a territory applying for a visa, work permit or residence permit subject to the visa requirement. Through the automated and systematic exchange of biometric information, Canadian and U.S.
authorities will be able to identify failed asylum seekers, deportees, previously denied resettlement applicants, and visa applicants from visitors attempting to enter our countries under a fraudulent identity. The adoption of the Immigration Information Exchange Treaty allows our two countries to systematically exchange information on third-country nationals applying for visas or applying to enter a country close to the country. The treaty also provides an additional instrument for the regular and systematic exchange of information on asylum seekers in the country, which already takes place on a case-by-case basis under an existing Canada-U.S. agreement. Under the agreement, no information is provided about Canadian or U.S. citizens or permanent residents. However, it will allow the two countries to exchange information on third-country nationals applying for a visa or travel authorization in a country of arrival. The agreement also provides an additional instrument for the regular and systematic exchange of information on domestic asylum seekers. The same procedure would apply conversely when a third country national applies for a visa or applies for asylum in the United States. This agreement will allow Canada and the United States to exchange information with third-country nationals applying for a visa or applying for a travel permit to a landing country.
This will better protect the safety of Americans and Canadians and facilitate legitimate travel and business. Increased information sharing will help improve decision-making by both countries to confirm the identity of applicants and identify unacceptable risks and individuals as soon as possible.