There is a mutual recognition agreement between the EU and Australia to facilitate trade in industrial products by removing technical barriers. The agreement establishes mutual recognition of compliance assessment procedures. This reduces the testing and certification costs of exports and imports. This section also describes the evidence and verifications as to whether the products traded are in fact from the exporting country, as required by the agreement. The onus is on the importer to verify the conditions in force. Refusal of preferential treatment and sanctions may apply if the importer does not carry out an appropriate control at the request of the importing country. The chapter also sets out definitions that will be used throughout the agreement to ensure consistency. On July 15, both houses of the U.S. Congress strongly supported the free trade agreement.
The agreement was also supported by Democratic Party presidential candidate John Kerry. This section recognizes the rights and obligations of Australia and the United States to each other in addressing trade barriers. These rights and obligations have been defined in the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade, which deals, among other things, with standards, rules and compliance assessment. In addition, this section describes customs cooperation to ensure the implementation of the rules of the agreement and outlines possible measures that can be taken when the exporting country appears to be acting in bad faith. Chapter 19 raises concerns that a relaxation of environmental legislation would allow the parties to obtain commercial benefits. The Agriculture section of the agreement describes the system of removing most tariffs on agricultural products traded between the two countries. It also agrees to eliminate export subsidies if the quantity of goods in question is exported to one of the two countries of the party. According to Shiro Armstrong, of crawford School of Public Policy at the Australian National University, more than 10 years of data recording by the Productivity Commission concluded that Australia and the United States lost trade with the rest of the world – that there was trade diversion – because of THE AUSFTA after controlling country-specific factors. Estimates also indicate that trade between Australia and the United States as part of the implementation of the AUSFTA has declined, even after country-specific factors have been monitored.  Shiro Armstrong also concludes that Australia and the United States have reduced their trade with the rest of the world by $53 billion and are worse off than they would have been without the agreement.  Subject to certain exceptions and the non-participation of certain U.S. states, the agreement required, upon acquisition by the government and government, that each party be no less favourable to the other treatment than the most favourable treatment of domestic goods, services and suppliers.
The agreement contains, among other things, rules for the settlement of disputes between members of the telecommunications industry in one country with members of the other country. It entitles businesses: the Australia – United States Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA) is a preferential trade agreement between Australia and the United States, modelled on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). AUSFTA was signed on May 18, 2004 and officially came into force on January 1, 2005.