3.The EEA-EFTA Demarcation Agreement differs from many of the other Brexit-related treaties we have examined in that it does not “shake up” an earlier EU international agreement. Instead, it provides for certain agreements between the United Kingdom and the EEA EFTA States resulting from the United Kingdom`s exit from the European Union, in particular to protect citizens` rights; ensuring the coordination of social security systems; and to run certain existing processes before the end of the transition period. Article 56.3 of the EFTA Agreement provides that a new EFTA Member State `shall apply to become a party to free trade agreements between Member States, on the one hand, and third countries, associations of States or international organisations, on the other`. As a member of a customs union, an EFTA country cannot fulfil this obligation. accession to EFTA does not preclude the conclusion of a customs agreement with the EU; existing EFTA countries regulate their relations with the EU through various instruments. 25.Article 46 of the Agreement provides for certain intellectual property rights. In particular, the emerging countries annexed to the agreement stated that as regards geographical indications, “existing EEA-EFTA geographical indications remain protected in the United Kingdom until the entry into force of a future agreement and their replacement. Existing UK geographical indications continue to be protected under the current EU regime.” `1. This Convention shall be subject to ratification, acceptance or approval in accordance with the respective legal requirements of the Contracting Parties. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the depositary [of the Government of Norway]. 2.
This Convention shall enter into force on 30Th in respect of those Contracting Parties which have hitherto deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval with the depositary [of the Norwegian Government], provided that at least one EEA EFTA State and the United Kingdom have deposited their instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval with the depositary. The proposal to ratify this treaty, particularly in the dualistic countries of Iceland, Norway and Great Britain, will take some time. Liechtenstein is a monist country and will therefore probably be able to deposit its “instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval” fairly quickly. However, the Agreement cannot be concluded until 30 The United Kingdom and one of the three EEA/EFTA Member States will, on that date, have deposited their own instrument of ratification with the Norwegian Government as depositary of the Agreement (Article 70(2) of the EEA-EFTA Separation Agreement). This puts considerable pressure on national ratification procedures. The Separation Agreement is the Agreement on arrangements between Iceland, the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Kingdom of Norway and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland following the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union, the EEA Agreement and other applicable agreements between the United Kingdom and the EEA-EFTA States by reason of the accession of the United Kingdom to the European Union. . . .