The Southern African Customs Union and mozambique`s trading bloc countries have been added to the list of signed agreements. One study showed that trade agreements implemented by the EU between 1993 and 2013 “reduced adjusted prices by almost 7%.”  The UK government is working on new deals to replace EU trade deals after Brexit. Of course, this clear separation does not mean that the ratification of free trade agreements lacks democratic legitimacy. Trade policy falls within the competence of the EU; Since the Treaty of Lisbon, trade agreements have had to be ratified by the European Parliament. Nevertheless, the parliaments of the Member States should be informed in a timely and full manner of the negotiations on free trade agreements in order to allow for a well-informed public debate. A transparent negotiation process also includes the publication of the European Commission`s negotiating mandates. The central pillar of rules-based and open trade should always be the WTO. This is the first and best way to open up markets around the world and establish new trade rules. However, free trade agreements (FTAs) can – and have been for years – usefully complement the multilateral trade order. Given that the WTO is in crisis, these agreements continue to increase their economic and political relevance, which is essential for the EU`s external trade policy.
The development of multilateral trade relations is a priority for both Germany and the European Union. The EU`s position on bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) has evolved since 2007 in the light of bilateral free trade agreements concluded by some of Europe`s important trading partners (including the United States and Japan) that could threaten the competitiveness of European companies in global markets. The new generation of free trade agreements that the EU intends to conclude with other countries is vast and covers a wide range of different aspects. These agreements do not only address the issue of tariffs (e.g. (B tariffs, export subsidies), but also on rules on services, the elimination of non-tariff barriers and other trade-related aspects, such as investment and competition. Since the scope of these agreements goes beyond the WTO agenda, they are often referred to as “WTO+ agreements”. Some new agreements will not enter into force until the UK leaves the EU. Trade is then done on the terms of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The European Union has concluded free trade agreements (FTAs) with many countries of the world and others with a trade component and negotiates with many others.  The EU`s fourth report on the implementation of the Free Trade Agreement (other languages), published in November 2020 and by its Director-General for Trade, Sabine Weyand, by default, provides an overview of the results achieved in 2019 and the ongoing work for the EU`s 36 main preferential trade agreements. . .