Another possible French policy was to seek rapprochement with Germany. In May 1919, the diplomat René Massigli was sent on a secret mission to Berlin. During his visits, he proposed, on behalf of his Government, to revise the territorial and economic clauses of the next peace treaty.  Massigli spoke of the opportunity for “practical and verbal discussions” between the French and German officials, which would lead to “German-French cooperation.”  In addition, Massagli told the Germans that the French considered the “Anglo-Saxon powers” (the United States and the British Empire) to be the greatest threat to France in the post-war world. On January 15, 1973, President Nixon announced the suspension of offensive action against North Vietnam. Kissinger and Thọ met again on 23 January and signed a treaty essentially identical to the draft three months earlier. The agreement was signed by the heads of official delegations on January 27, 1973 at the Majestic Hotel in Paris, France. Japan`s claim to Shantung faced strong challenges from the Chinese patriotic student group. By 1914, at the beginning of the war, Japan had conquered the territory allocated to Germany in 1897 and had also conquered the German Pacific islands north of the equator. By 1917, Japan had concluded secret agreements with Britain, France, and Italy to secure their annexation of these territories. There was an agreement with Britain to support the British annexation of the Pacific islands south of the equator.
 An unprecedented aspect of the conference was the concerted pressure exerted on delegates by a women`s committee that sought to establish and anchor women`s fundamental social, economic and political rights, such as the right to vote, within the framework of peace.